Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code BG0001007)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since March 2007
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Administrative region: Yugoiztochen (BG34)
  • Surface area: 1535 km2 (153541.20 ha)
  • Marine area: 24%
  • Located in Black Sea and Marine Black Sea biogeographical regions
  • It protects 46 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 42 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (46)
Species group Number
Amphibians 2
Fishes 6
Invertebrates 13
Mammals 20
Reptiles 5

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time 2835.81
1130 Estuaries 5.64
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide 7.5664
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays 10.25
1170 Reefs 35009.1
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 12.47
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp 53.31
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi) 0.56
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes 11.23
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes') 7.9
2130 Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes') 1.69
2180 Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region 0.34
2190 Humid dune slacks 1.58
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 18.28
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 7.93
3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri pp and Bidention pp vegetation 1.89
4030 European dry heaths 87.65
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands 0.01
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp 2.72
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi 60.26
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 3574.77
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 2684.65
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 80.74
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 29.34
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0.01
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 90.15
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 106.96
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii 98.5
8310 Caves not open to the public 0
8330 Submerged or partially submerged sea caves 6.6206
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests 13.96
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 127.81
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 145.33
91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris) 198.46
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus 28.37
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 48.27
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 0.07
62A0 Eastern sub-mediteranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae) 22.78
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests 57472.2
91S0 Western Pontic beech forests 15645
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods 1.51
91AA Eastern white oak woods 0.97

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
March 2007
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2008
Date of Standard data form update December 2018

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100