Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code ES2110022)
  • Under Habitats Directive
  • Since December 1997
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: País Vasco (ES21)
  • Surface area: 100 km2 (10006.41 ha)
  • Marine area: 0%
  • Located in Atlantic biogeographical region
  • It protects 62 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 27 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (62)
Species group Number
Birds 47
Flowering Plants 2
Invertebrates 7
Mammals 6

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 99.31
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 99.31
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds 1.29
4030 European dry heaths 200.21
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 493.1
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 72.02
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 459.98
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites) 316.79
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 10.86
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 392.48
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 99.31
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 99.31
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs 0.07
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 0.07
7230 Alkaline fens 9.39
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 99.31
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 34.98
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion) 169.33
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion 173
9160 Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli 76.98
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 2.8
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 99.31
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 310.61
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods 1111.22
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 99.31
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 83.36
9580 Mediterranean Taxus baccata woods 99.31

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Not under Birds directive
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 1997
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
December 2004
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) October 2015
Date of Standard data form update July 2016

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100