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Sierra Nevada

Quick facts

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (95)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Birds 61
Ferns 1
Flowering Plants 17
Invertebrates 5
Mammals 9
Reptiles 1

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 12.96
1430 Halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pegano-Salsoletea) 0.71
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia) 3.08
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 25.96
3140 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp 54.54
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 2.56
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds 7
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum 6.78
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 324.82
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 4856.92
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 1238.45
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations 26237
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp 628.34
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub 5778.51
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands 10015.2
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 186.43
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 49510.4
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 1770.78
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp 8968.47
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 193.14
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 1199.22
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae 33.34
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 3079.7
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 3179.99
8310 Caves not open to the public 0.3
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods 13.83
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 68.79
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 1554.74
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods 22.64
9260 Castanea sativa woods 795.9
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 997.12
92B0 Riparian formations on intermittent Mediterranean water courses with Rhododendron ponticum, Salix and others 5.21
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 216.49
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 2848.61
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines 191.02
9540 Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines 2295.92

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 2002
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 1997
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
Not available
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2012
Date of Standard data form update October 2020

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100