Sierra Nevada

Quick facts

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (97)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Birds 64
Ferns 1
Flowering Plants 16
Invertebrates 5
Mammals 9
Reptiles 1

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 27.15
1430 Halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pegano-Salsoletea) 0.72
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia) 3.15
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 26.08
3140 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp 56.17
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 7.08
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds 6.73
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum 6.78
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths 69.89
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse 77018.5
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 1255.25
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations 26319.9
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp 169.5
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub 5924.16
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands 78679.1
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 2661.13
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 31762.2
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe) 1509.88
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp 9182.44
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 537
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 22371.9
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae 3.43
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 3075.54
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 410
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 3188.64
8310 Caves not open to the public 4.87
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 4.16
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods 1.27
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 32.92
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 1561.78
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods 14.18
9260 Castanea sativa woods 28.77
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 310.14
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 36.88
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 2732.96
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines 185.7
9540 Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines 2231.62

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 2002
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 1997
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
Not available
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2012
Date of Standard data form update February 2018

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100