Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts

Description (English)

Vegetated cliffs exhibit a complex pattern of variation reflecting the degree of maritime exposure, geology and geomorphology, biogeographical provenance and pattern of human management. Typically, on the most exposed cliffs there is a zonation from crevice and ledge communities of the steepest slopes beside the sea (Crithmo-Armerietalia, Géhu 1964) through to closed maritime grasslands on upper cliff slopes, cliff tops and cliff ledges where there is deeper accumulation of soils (Silenion maritimae, Malloch 1973). Further inland and on more sheltered cliffs, these grade into a complex assemblage of maritime and paramaritime types of heath, calcareous grassland, acid grassland, therophyte, tall herb, scrub and wind-pruned woodland vegetation, each enriched by floristic elements characteristic of coastal habitats. On soft coasts with much active movement, complex assemblages of maritime and non-maritime vegetation occur.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 1230)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Boreal - Favourable
Continental - Favourable
Mediterranean - Unknown
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 418 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Armeria maritima
Ferns Asplenium marinum
Flowering Plants Brassica oleracea
Flowering Plants Cochlearia officinalis
Flowering Plants Crithmum maritimum
Flowering Plants Inula crithmoides
Flowering Plants Lavatera arborea
Flowering Plants Matricaria maritima
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Rhodiola rosea
Flowering Plants Scilla verna
Flowering Plants Sedum anglicum
Flowering Plants Silene maritima
Flowering Plants Spergularia rupicola
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Armeria maritima Flowering Plants
Asplenium marinum Ferns
Brassica oleracea Flowering Plants
Cochlearia officinalis Flowering Plants
Crithmum maritimum Flowering Plants
Inula crithmoides Flowering Plants
Lavatera arborea Flowering Plants
Matricaria maritima Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Rhodiola rosea Flowering Plants
Scilla verna Flowering Plants
Sedum anglicum Flowering Plants
Silene maritima Flowering Plants
Spergularia rupicola Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1016392 Germany Dünen- und Heidelandschaften Nord- und Mittel-Sylt Map
DE1116391 Germany Küstenlandschaft Ost-Sylt Map
DE1123393 Germany Küstenbereiche Flensburger Förde von Flensburg bis Geltinger Birk Map
DE1315391 Germany Küsten- und Dünenlandschaften Amrums Map
DE1316301 Germany Godelniederung / Föhr Map
DE1326301 Germany NSG Schwansener See Map
DE1346301 Germany Steilküste und Blockgründe Wittow Map
DE1423394 Germany Schlei incl. Schleimünde und vorgelagerter Flachgründe Map
DE1446302 Germany Nordrügensche Boddenlandschaft Map
DE1447302 Germany Jasmund Map
DE1525331 Germany Hemmelmarker See Map
DE1526391 Germany Südküste der Eckernförder Bucht und vorgelagerte Flachgründe Map
DE1528391 Germany Küstenlandschaft Bottsand - Marzkamp u. vorgelagerte Flachgründe Map
DE1532391 Germany Küstenstreifen West- und Nordfehmarn Map
DE1533301 Germany Staberhuk Map
DE1541301 Germany Darß Map
DE1542302 Germany Recknitz-Ästuar und Halbinsel Zingst Map
DE1544302 Germany Westrügensche Boddenlandschaft mit Hiddensee Map
DE1547303 Germany Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden mit Halbinseln und Schmaler Heide Map
DE1631391 Germany Putlos Map
DE1631393 Germany Küstenlandschaft Nordseite der Wagrischen Halbinsel Map
DE1632392 Germany Küstenlandschaft vor Großenbrode und vorgelagerte Meeresbereiche Map
DE1640302 Germany Hohes Ufer zwischen Ahrenshoop und Wustrow Map
DE1647303 Germany Granitz Map
DE1648302 Germany Küstenlandschaft Südostrügen Map
DE1730326 Germany Tal der Kükelühner Mühlenau Map
DE1732381 Germany Rosenfelder Brök nördlich Dahme Map
DE1747301 Germany Greifswalder Bodden, Teile des Strelasundes und Nordspitze Usedom Map
DE1749301 Germany Greifswalder Oie Map
DE1813391 Germany Helgoland mit Helgoländer Felssockel Map
DE1838301 Germany Stoltera bei Rostock Map
DE1930330 Germany Strandniederungen südlich Neustadt Map
DE1931301 Germany Ostseeküste am Brodtener Ufer Map
DE1931391 Germany Küstenlandschaft zwischen Pelzerhaken und Rettin Map
DE1934302 Germany Wismarbucht Map
DE2031301 Germany Küste Klützer Winkel und Ufer von Dassower See und Trave Map
DE2031303 Germany NSG Dummersdorfer Ufer Map
DE2049302 Germany Peeneunterlauf, Peenestrom, Achterwasser und Kleines Haff Map
DE2050303 Germany Ostusedomer Hügelland Map
DK003X203 Denmark Gilbjerg Hoved Map
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DK004X334 Denmark Ryegård Dyrehave, Bramsnæs og Garveriskov Map
DK005X221 Denmark Sejerø Bugt og Saltbæk Vig Map
DK005X276 Denmark Røsnæs, Røsnæs Rev og Kalundborg Fjord Map
DK005Y229 Denmark Skælskør Fjord og havet og kysten mellem Agersø og Glænø Map
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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B3.31 Atlantic sea-cliff communities wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B3.3 Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, with angiosperms narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B3.32 Vegetated Baltic gently sloping rocky shores and cliffs wider
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 4.1.1.1 Matricaria maritima-Silene uniflora-typ not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC5 Armeria maritima-Cerastium diffusum maritime therophyte community narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC2 Armeria maritima-Ligusticum scoticum maritime rock crevice community narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC6 Atriplex hastata-Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima seabird cliff community narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC4 Brassica oleracea maritime cliff ledge narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) H7 Calluna vulgaris-Scilla verna heath narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) H8 Calluna vulgaris-Ulex gallii heath narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC1 Crithmum maritimum-Spergularia rupicola maritime rock crevice narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) H6 Erica vagans-Ulex europaeus heath narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC8 Festuca rubra-Armeria maritima maritime grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC11 Festuca rubra-Daucus carota ssp. gummifer maritime grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC9 Festuca rubra-Holcus lanatus maritime grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC12 Festuca rubra-Hyacinthoides non-scripta maritime grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC10 Festuca rubra-Plantago spp. maritime grassland narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC3 Rhodiola rosea-Armeria maritima maritime cliff ledge community narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MC7 Stellaria media-Rumex acetosa seabird cliff community narrower
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