Low formations of Euphorbia close to cliffs

Description (English)

Low formations of Helichrysum (Helichrysum italicum ssp. microphyllum, Helichrysum italicum ssp. italicum) with spurges (Euphorbia pithyusa, i.a.), Pistacia lentiscus, Camphorosma monspeliaca, Artemisia densiflora or Thymelaea passerina, Thymelaea hirsuta, Thymelaea tartonraira of the immediate vicinity of sea cliffs, forming the transition between cliff vegetation or clifftop phryganas and thermo-Mediterranean scrub.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 5320)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 128 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Camphorosma monspeliaca
Flowering Plants Euphorbia pithyusa
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Thymelaea hirsuta
Flowering Plants Thymelaea passerina
Flowering Plants Thymelaea tartonraira
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Camphorosma monspeliaca Flowering Plants
Euphorbia pithyusa Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Thymelaea hirsuta Flowering Plants
Thymelaea passerina Flowering Plants
Thymelaea tartonraira Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES5310070 Spain Punta Redona - Arenal d'en Castell Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
FR9301573 France Baie et cap d'Antibes - îles de Lerins Map
FR9301602 France Calanques et îles marseillaises - Cap Canaille et massif du Grand Caunet Map
FR9301613 France Rade d'Hyères Map
FR9302005 France La Bendola Map
FR9400574 France Porto/Scandola/Revellata/Calvi/Calanches de Piana (zone terrestre et marine) Map
FR9400585 France Iles Pinarellu et Roscana Map
FR9400587 France Iles Cerbicale et frange littoral Map
FR9400591 France Plateau de Pertusato/ Bonifacio et îles Lavezzi Map
FR9400592 France Ventilegne-la Trinite de Bonifacio-Fazzio Map
FR9400594 France Sites à Anchusa crispa de l'embouchure du Rizzanese et d'Olmeto Map
FR9400595 France Iles Sanguinaires, plage de Lava et Punta Pellusella Map
FR9400599 France Strettes de St Florent Map
FR9400615 France Delta de l'Oso, punta di Benedettu et Mura dell'Unda Map
FR9402001 France Campomoro-Senetosa Map
FR9402012 France Capo di feno Map
IT1316001 Italy Capo Berta Map
IT1316118 Italy Capo Mortola Map
IT1323201 Italy Finalese - Capo Noli Map
IT1324908 Italy Isola Gallinara Map
IT1325624 Italy Capo Mele Map
IT1332603 Italy Parco di Portofino Map
IT1332614 Italy Pineta - Lecceta di Chiavari Map
IT1333307 Italy Punta Baffe - Punta Moneglia - Val Petronio Map
IT1333308 Italy Punta Manara Map
IT1333316 Italy Rocche di Sant'Anna - Valle del Fico Map
IT1343412 Italy Deiva - Bracco - Pietra di Vasca - Mola Map
IT1343419 Italy Monte Serro Map
IT1344210 Italy Punta Mesco Map
IT1344216 Italy Costa di Bonassola - Framura Map
IT1344323 Italy Costa Riomaggiore - Monterosso Map
IT1345005 Italy Portovenere - Riomaggiore - S. Benedetto Map
IT1345103 Italy Isole Tino - Tinetto Map
IT1345104 Italy Isola Palmaria Map
IT1345109 Italy Montemarcello Map
IT1345114 Italy Costa di Maralunga Map
IT5160002 Italy Isola di Gorgona - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160006 Italy Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160007 Italy Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160009 Italy Promontorio di Piombino e Monte Massoncello Map
IT5160011 Italy Isole di Cerboli e Palmaiola Map
IT5160012 Italy Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola Map
IT5160013 Italy Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina Map
IT5160102 Italy Elba orientale Map
IT51A0016 Italy Monti dell'Uccellina Map
IT51A0023 Italy Isola del Giglio Map
IT51A0024 Italy Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina Map
IT51A0025 Italy Monte Argentario, Isolotto di Porto Ercole e Argentarola Map
IT5320005 Italy Costa tra Ancona e Portonovo Map
IT5320006 Italy Portonovo e falesia calcarea a mare Map
IT5320015 Italy Monte Conero Map
IT6040016 Italy Promontorio del Circeo (Quarto Caldo) Map
IT6040019 Italy Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano Map
IT6040020 Italy Isole di Palmarola e Zannone Map
IT6040022 Italy Costa rocciosa tra Sperlonga e Gaeta Map
IT6040023 Italy Promontorio Gianola e Monte di Scauri Map
IT8030006 Italy Costiera amalfitana tra Nerano e Positano Map
IT8030026 Italy Rupi costiere dell'Isola di Ischia Map
IT8030038 Italy Corpo centrale e rupi costiere occidentali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8030039 Italy Settore e rupi costiere orientali dell'Isola di Capri Map
IT8050008 Italy Capo Palinuro Map
IT8050009 Italy Costiera amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
IT8050026 Italy Monte Licosa e dintorni Map
IT8050032 Italy Monte Tresino e dintorni Map
IT8050040 Italy Rupi costiere della Costa degli Infreschi e della Masseta Map
IT8050047 Italy Costa tra Marina di Camerota e Policastro Bussentino Map
IT8050048 Italy Costa tra Punta Tresino e le Ripe Rosse Map
IT8050054 Italy Costiera Amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
IT9110011 Italy Isole Tremiti Map
IT9110016 Italy Pineta Marzini Map
IT9310038 Italy Scogliera dei Rizzi Map
ITA010002 Italy Isola di Marettimo Map
ITA010003 Italy Isola di Levanzo Map
ITA010004 Italy Isola di Favignana Map
ITA010010 Italy Monte San Giuliano Map
ITA010015 Italy Complesso Monti di Castellammare del Golfo (TP) Map
ITA010016 Italy Monte Cofano e Litorale Map
ITA010017 Italy Capo San Vito, Monte Monaco, Zingaro, Faraglioni Scopello, Monte Sparacio Map
ITA010027 Italy Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA010029 Italy Monte Cofano, Capo San Vito e Monte Sparagio Map
ITA010030 Italy Isola di Pantelleria e area marina circostante Map
ITA020009 Italy Cala Rossa e Capo Rama Map
ITA030023 Italy Isola di Alicudi Map
ITA030024 Italy Isola di Filicudi Map
ITA030025 Italy Isola di Panarea e Scogli Viciniori Map
ITA030026 Italy Isole di Stromboli e Strombolicchio Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
ITA030028 Italy Isola di Salina (Monte Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri) Map
ITA030030 Italy Isola di Lipari Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA040001 Italy Isola di Linosa Map
ITA040013 Italy Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre Map
ITA080004 Italy Punta Braccetto, Contrada Cammarana Map
ITA080008 Italy Contrada Religione Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB010006 Italy Monte Russu Map
ITB010007 Italy Capo Testa Map
ITB010008 Italy Arcipelago La Maddalena Map
ITB010009 Italy Capo Figari e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB010010 Italy Isole Tavolara, Molara e Molarotto Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITB010043 Italy Coste e Isolette a Nord Ovest della Sardegna Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB011155 Italy Lago di Baratz - Porto Ferro Map
ITB012211 Italy Isola Rossa - Costa Paradiso Map
ITB013011 Italy Isola Piana di Porto Torres Map
ITB013018 Italy Capo Figari, Cala Sabina, Punta Canigione e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB013019 Italy Isole del Nord - Est tra Capo Ceraso e Stagno di San Teodoro Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB020012 Italy Berchida e Bidderosa Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
ITB022214 Italy Lido di Orrì Map
ITB030032 Italy Stagno di Corru S'Ittiri Map
ITB030038 Italy Stagno di Putzu Idu (Salina Manna e Pauli Marigosa) Map
ITB040024 Italy Isola Rossa e Capo Teulada Map
ITB040025 Italy Promontorio, dune e zona umida di Porto Pino Map
ITB040027 Italy Isola di San Pietro Map
ITB043035 Italy Costa e Entroterra tra Punta Cannoni e Punta delle Oche - Isola di San Pietro Map
PTCON0010 Portugal Arrábida / Espichel Map
UKGIB0001 United Kingdom Rock of Gibraltar Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.517 Coastal Helichrysum garrigues same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean scrub narrower
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