Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities

English name: Alpic mat-grass swards and related communities

Description (English)

Closed grasslands of deep, acid soils of the Alps, the Carpathians, the Pyrenees, the northern Apennines, the Jura and the higher Hercynian ranges, the northern and central Dinarides, developed mostly and abundantly in the subalpine level and included in the alliance Nardion, dominated or co-dominated by Nardus stricta, Festuca eskia, Festuca nigrescens, Festuca rubra, Alopecurus gerardii, Bellardiochloa violacea (Poa violacea), Carex sempervirens, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Hieracium alpinum, Trommsdorfia uniflora, Potentilla aurea. Similar Nardus stricta grasslands of the Moesian region of the Balkan peninsula, distributed at high elevations of the Balkan Range, the Rhodope Mountains, the Moeso-Macedonian mountains and the Pelagonides, as southern extensions of the Alpigenous communities or as grazing-induced facies of the more varied communities of unit E4.39.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E4.31
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E4.3)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Alopecurus gerardii
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Bellardiochloa violacea
Flowering Plants Carex sempervirens
Flowering Plants Festuca eskia
Flowering Plants Festuca nigrescens
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Hieracium alpinum
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Poa violacea
Flowering Plants Potentilla aurea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alopecurus gerardii Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Bellardiochloa violacea Flowering Plants
Carex sempervirens Flowering Plants
Festuca eskia Flowering Plants
Festuca nigrescens Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Hieracium alpinum Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Poa violacea Flowering Plants
Potentilla aurea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 36.31 Alpic mat-grass swards and related communities source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 4.3.5 Pâturage maigre acide same
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T2.1 SUBALPÍNSKÉ SMILKOVÉ TRÁVNÍKY (Subalpine Nardus grasslands) narrower
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 9311300 Kvetnaté vysokohorské psicové porasty n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E4.31 Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E4.31 Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E4.31 Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E4.31 Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.21 Alpic Nardus stricta swards and related communities same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.21 Alpic mat-grass swards and related communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 36.31 Alpic mat-grass swards and related communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 36.31 Alpic mat-grass swards and related communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 36.31   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 36.31   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 36.31   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 36.31   same
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