Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > Western Pontic beech forests

Western Pontic beech forests

Description (English)

Fagus orientalis forests of the Western Pontic range, the Strandja-Istranka mountains and the Eastern Balkan Range. The understory is typically rich in laurophyllous shrubs of euxinian affinities such as Rhododendron ponticum, Daphne pontica, Laurocerasus officinalis, Ilex colchica, Ruscus hypoglossum, Vaccinium arctostaphylos and with the euxinian herbaceous species such as Primula acaulis ssp. rubra, Trachyistemon orientalis, Teucrium lamifolium, Cyclamen coum and Epimedium pubigerum.
In the Eastern Balkan Range the laurophylous shrubs are not present and the most characteristic taxa are Primula acaulis ssp. rubra and Trachystemon orientalis.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91S0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 12 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Cyclamen coum
Flowering Plants Daphne pontica
Flowering Plants Epimedium pubigerum
Flowering Plants Fagus orientalis
Flowering Plants Festuca drymeja
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Hypericum androsaemum
Flowering Plants Ilex colchica
Flowering Plants Laurocerasus officinalis
Flowering Plants Prunus laurocerasus
Flowering Plants Quercus polycarpa
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ponticum
Flowering Plants Ruscus hypoglossum
Flowering Plants Teucrium lamifolium
Flowering Plants Trachystemon orientalis
Flowering Plants Vaccinium arctostaphylos
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cyclamen coum Flowering Plants
Daphne pontica Flowering Plants
Epimedium pubigerum Flowering Plants
Fagus orientalis Flowering Plants
Festuca drymeja Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Hypericum androsaemum Flowering Plants
Ilex colchica Flowering Plants
Laurocerasus officinalis Flowering Plants
Prunus laurocerasus Flowering Plants
Quercus polycarpa Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ponticum Flowering Plants
Ruscus hypoglossum Flowering Plants
Teucrium lamifolium Flowering Plants
Trachystemon orientalis Flowering Plants
Vaccinium arctostaphylos Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000100 Bulgaria Plazh Shkorpilovtsi Map
BG0000104 Bulgaria Provadiysko - Royaksko plato Map
BG0000117 Bulgaria Kotlenska planina Map
BG0000133 Bulgaria Kamchiyska i Emenska planina Map
BG0000136 Bulgaria Reka Gorna Luda Kamchia Map
BG0000139 Bulgaria Luda Kamchia Map
BG0000149 Bulgaria Rishki prohod Map
BG0000208 Bulgaria Bosna Map
BG0000219 Bulgaria Derventski vazvishenia 2 Map
BG0000393 Bulgaria Ekokoridor Kamchia - Emine Map
BG0001004 Bulgaria Emine - Irakli Map
BG0001007 Bulgaria Strandzha Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G1.6E Pontic Fagus forests same

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100