Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland

English name: Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland

Description (English)

Dense, closed, usually unsculptured, chionophilous grasslands of acid substrates at the 1800-2500 metre level of high mountains of the central Balkan peninsula, including the Balkan Range, the Rhodopides, in particular, Vitosha, Rila, Pirin, the Slavianka-Orvilos, the central Rhodope Mountains (Cernatica-Prespa complex) and the Falakron, the central Moeso-Macedonian mountains (Ozogovska Planina), the southern Dinarides, dominated by Festuca paniculata, Bellardiochloa violacea, Festuca airoides (Festuca supina), Agrostis rupestris or the Balkan endemics Festuca valida and Sesleria comosa, often associated with Nardus stricta, which may be abundant or co-dominant; rare species harboured in these communities include Aquilegia aurea, Lilium jankae, Gentiana lutea, Gentiana punctata, Viola rhodopeia. Outside of protected areas these grasslands are usually submitted to pasture regimes. Formations overwhelmingly dominated by Nardus stricta have been included in unit E4.318.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E4.39
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E4.3)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Agrostis rupestris
Flowering Plants Aquilegia aurea
Flowering Plants Bellardiochloa violacea
Flowering Plants Festuca airoides
Flowering Plants Festuca paniculata
Flowering Plants Festuca supina
Flowering Plants Festuca valida
Flowering Plants Gentiana lutea
Flowering Plants Gentiana punctata
Flowering Plants Lilium jankae
Flowering Plants Nardus stricta
Flowering Plants Sesleria comosa
Flowering Plants Viola rhodopeia
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Agrostis rupestris Flowering Plants
Aquilegia aurea Flowering Plants
Bellardiochloa violacea Flowering Plants
Festuca airoides Flowering Plants
Festuca paniculata Flowering Plants
Festuca supina Flowering Plants
Festuca valida Flowering Plants
Gentiana lutea Flowering Plants
Gentiana punctata Flowering Plants
Lilium jankae Flowering Plants
Nardus stricta Flowering Plants
Sesleria comosa Flowering Plants
Viola rhodopeia Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 36.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.29 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.29 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 36.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 36.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 36.39   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 36.39   same
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