Canary Island laurisilvas

English name: Canary Island laurisilvas

Description (English)

Lauriphyllous forests of the Canary Islands, with Laurus azorica, Picconia excelsa, Persea indica, Ocotea foetens, Apollonias barbujana, Visnea mocanera, Pleiomeris canariensis (Myrsine canariensis), Ardisia bahamensis, Prunus lusitanica, Sambucus palmensis, Euphorbia mellifera, Ixanthus viscosus, Rubus bollei, Convolvulus canariensis, Geranium canariensis, Hedera canariensis, Smilax aspera, Smilax canariensis, Canarina canariensis, Semele androgyna, Sideritis macrostachys, Sideritis canariensis, Cryptotaenia elegans, Rubia peregrina, Carex canariensis, Asparagus fallax and many ferns. They are the habitat of the threatened endemic laurel pigeons Columba junoniae and Columba bollii, now limited to La Gomera, Tenerife and La Palma. The laurel forests of each island harbour a distinctive set of endemic plants and animals, as exemplified by the species of the composite genus Pericallis, the well-marked races of the chaffinch Fringilla coelebs or the carabid faunas. They are thus best listed separately. The total remnant surface of laurel forest for the four islands, La Gomera, Tenerife, La Palma and Hierro, does not exceed 5000 ha.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G2.33
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G2)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Asparagus fallax
Birds Columba bollii
Birds Columba junoniae
Flowering Plants Euphorbia mellifera
Birds Fringilla coelebs
Flowering Plants Hedera canariensis
Flowering Plants Laurus azorica
Flowering Plants Ocotea foetens
Flowering Plants Persea indica
Flowering Plants Picconia excelsa
Flowering Plants Pleiomeris canariensis
Flowering Plants Prunus lusitanica
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Sambucus palmensis
Flowering Plants Semele androgyna
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Smilax canariensis
Flowering Plants Visnea mocanera
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asparagus fallax Flowering Plants
Columba bollii Bolle's Laurel Pigeon Birds
Columba junoniae Laurel Pigeon Birds
Euphorbia mellifera Flowering Plants
Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch Birds
Hedera canariensis Flowering Plants
Laurus azorica Flowering Plants
Ocotea foetens Flowering Plants
Persea indica Flowering Plants
Picconia excelsa Flowering Plants
Pleiomeris canariensis Flowering Plants
Prunus lusitanica Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Sambucus palmensis Flowering Plants
Semele androgyna Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Smilax canariensis Flowering Plants
Visnea mocanera Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 45.63 Canarian laurisilvas source
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 25 Laurel forest wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.33 Canary Island laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.33 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 45.63 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 45.63 Canarian laurisilvas same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 45.63   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 45.63   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 45.63   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 45.63   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100