Fagus forest on non-acid soils

Description (English)

Forest dominated by beech (Fagus sylvatica and Fagus orientalis) on base-rich to neutral, mesotrophic to eutrophic, mineral soils. It occurs through the Atlantic and continental areas of Europe and, at higher altitudes, in the submediterranean zone. Associated trees, including evergreen conifers like fir (Abies alba) and spruce (Picea abies) which figures at the altitudinal limit, are always subordinate in cover and usually in height, though broadleaved associates are more extensive and diverse on richer soils and, like the usually sparse shrub layer, show regional climate-related variation. The field layer can be species-rich.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T17
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Lamium galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Cardamine bulbifera
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Lamium galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Cardamine bulbifera Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Lamium galeobdolon
Ferns Dryopteris filix-mas
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Mercurialis perennis
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Lactuca muralis
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Euphorbia amygdaloides

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Lamium galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Dryopteris filix-mas Ferns
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Mercurialis perennis Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Lactuca muralis Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Abies alba Conifers
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Euphorbia amygdaloides Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Galium odoratum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Galium odoratum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.6 Fagus woodland narrower
European Red List of Habitats G1.6a Fagus woodland on non-acid soils same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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