EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T2 - Broadleaved evergreen forest > T21 - Mediterranean evergreen Quercus forest

Mediterranean evergreen Quercus forest

Description (English)

Forest dominated by evergreen broadleaved oaks (most widely Quercus ilex) with associated sclerophyllous and laurophyllous trees and shrubs in the summer-drought climate of the Mediterranean lowlands and foothills. The tree canopy is often low and much modified, with widespread transitions to maquis/matorral and open dehesa/montado wood pasture.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T21
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Quercus rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Quercus suber
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Carex distachya
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Quercus rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Quercus suber Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Carex distachya Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Ferns
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Ferns Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Quercus rotundifolia
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Ferns
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Quercus rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Quercus rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Quercus suber
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Quercus rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Quercus suber Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
European Red List of Habitats G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G2.1 Mediterranean oak woodland same
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