Quercus suber forests

Description (English)

West-Mediterranean silicicolous forests dominated by Quercus suber, usually more thermophile and hygrophile than Pal. 45.3.
Pal. 45.21 Tyrrhenian cork-oak forests:
Quercion suberis
Mostly meso-Mediterranean Quercus suber forests of Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, France and northeastern Spain. They are most often degraded to arborescent matorral (Pal. 32.11).
Pal. 45.22 South-western Iberian cork-oak forests:
Quercion fagineo-suberis
Quercus suber forests, often with Quercus faginea or Quercus canariensis, of the south-western quadrant of the Iberian peninsula.
Pal. 45.23 North-western Iberian cork-oak forests:
Very local, exiguous Quercus suber enclaves in the Quercus pyrenaica forest area of the valleys of the Sil and of the Mino (Galicia).
Pal. 45.24 Aquitanian cork-oak woodland:
Isolated Quercus suber-dominated stands occurring either as a facies of dunal pine-cork oak forests or in a very limited area of the eastern Landes.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9330)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Poor
Mediterranean - Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 323 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Quercus canariensis
Flowering Plants Quercus faginea
Flowering Plants Quercus pyrenaica
Flowering Plants Quercus suber
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus canariensis Flowering Plants
Quercus faginea Flowering Plants
Quercus pyrenaica Flowering Plants
Quercus suber Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
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Protected sites

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European Environment Agency (EEA)
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