Los Alcornocales

Quick facts

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (76)
Species group Number
Amphibians 1
Birds 51
Ferns 2
Fishes 1
Flowering Plants 4
Invertebrates 5
Mammals 10
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 0.8
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 6
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes') 1
2190 Humid dune slacks 14
2230 Malcolmietalia dune grasslands 0.37
2250 Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp 0.37
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs 1111
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae) 2
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation 28
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds 70.64
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 22
3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri pp and Bidention pp vegetation 1
3290 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion 28
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix 19.11
4030 European dry heaths 46645
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 335
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp 28
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub 48566
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 41074
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp 33349
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 1
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree 2
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 20
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 123
8310 Caves not open to the public 3
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods 415
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 335
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica 29
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods 8798
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 104
92B0 Riparian formations on intermittent Mediterranean water courses with Rhododendron ponticum, Salix and others 964
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 489
9320 Olea and Ceratonia forests 5724
9330 Quercus suber forests 69988
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests 855

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
October 1989
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 2003
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
July 2006
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2012
Date of Standard data form update September 2018

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100