Quick facts

  • Natura 2000 site (code ES0000337)
  • Under Birds Directive and Habitats Directive
  • Since May 2003
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: Andalucía (ES61)
  • Surface area: 192 km2 (19177.29 ha)
  • Marine area: 50%
  • Located in Mediterranean and Marine Mediterranean biogeographical regions
  • It protects 45 species of the Nature Directives
  • It protects 28 habitat types of the Habitats Directive

Source and more information: Natura 2000 Standard Data Form



Species summary

Nature directives' species in this site (45)
Species group Number
Birds 40
Mammals 3
Reptiles 2

Habitat types

Habitat type code Habitat type english name Cover [ha]
1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time 191.77
1150 Coastal lagoons 17.61
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines 0.02
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts 7.49
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand 4.24
1320 Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae) 2.53
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi) 8.28
1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi) 15.38
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia) 7.47
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes 0.74
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes') 36.74
2130 Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes') 1.37
2190 Humid dune slacks 1.62
2250 Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp 468.07
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs 226.02
2270 Wooded dunes with Pinus pinea and/or Pinus pinaster 574.3
4030 European dry heaths 2.92
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp) 46.06
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea 902.09
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp 1181.93
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion 31.4
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 4.12
8310 Caves not open to the public 0.2
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 1.36
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries 0.09
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae) 8.99
9320 Olea and Ceratonia forests 1510.07
9330 Quercus suber forests 51.29

Designation information

NATURA 2000 is the ecological network for the conservation of wild animals and plant species and natural habitats of Community importance within the Union. It consists of sites classified under the Birds Directive and the Habitats Directive (the Nature Directives).

NATURA 2000 site under

Birds Directive 2009/147/EC (SPA) Under Birds directive
  • Date classified as Special Protection Area (SPA)
May 2003
Habitats Directive 92/43/EEC (SCI) Under Habitats directive
  • Date proposed as Site of Community Importance (SCI)
December 2003
  • Date confirmed as Site of Community Importance
July 2006
Date designated as Special Area of Conservation (SAC) September 2012
Date of Standard data form update September 2018

Interactive map

Other resources

Natura 2000 map viewer Interactive map designed for showing and querying Natura 2000 sites. Other information such as Nationally designated areas and LIFE projects are also available.
Protected planet map viewer Interactive map showing the World Database on Protected Areas
European protected sites map viewer Simple interactive map showing Natura 2000 sites and Nationally designated areas
Data download The Natura 2000 dataset is available from the European Environment Agency website
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100