Western Mediterranean spiny heath

Description (English)

Low scrub of often spiny, cushion-forming plants on thin soils on wind-exposed and spray-splashed tops of rocky cliffs on Corsica, Sardinia, Pantelleria and in the Gulf of Taranto.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code S71
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Genista corsica
Flowering Plants Stachys glutinosa
Flowering Plants Teucrium marum
Flowering Plants Helichrysum italicum
Flowering Plants Genista sardoa
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Astragalus tragacantha
Flowering Plants Teucrium massiliense
Flowering Plants Euphorbia pithyusa
Flowering Plants Linum muelleri
Flowering Plants Polygala sardoa
Flowering Plants Orobanche rigens
Flowering Plants Centaurea horrida
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Crocus minimus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Genista corsica Flowering Plants
Stachys glutinosa Flowering Plants
Teucrium marum Flowering Plants
Helichrysum italicum Flowering Plants
Genista sardoa Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Astragalus tragacantha Flowering Plants
Teucrium massiliense Flowering Plants
Euphorbia pithyusa Flowering Plants
Linum muelleri Flowering Plants
Polygala sardoa Flowering Plants
Orobanche rigens Flowering Plants
Centaurea horrida Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Crocus minimus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Genista corsica
Flowering Plants Helichrysum italicum
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Teucrium marum
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Stachys glutinosa
Conifers Juniperus phoenicea
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Reichardia picroides
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Daucus carota
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Lotus cytisoides
Flowering Plants Lavandula stoechas
Flowering Plants Lagurus ovatus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Genista corsica Flowering Plants
Helichrysum italicum Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Teucrium marum Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Stachys glutinosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus phoenicea Conifers
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Reichardia picroides Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Daucus carota Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Lotus cytisoides Flowering Plants
Lavandula stoechas Flowering Plants
Lagurus ovatus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Genista corsica
Flowering Plants Genista sardoa
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Astragalus tragacantha

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Genista corsica Flowering Plants
Genista sardoa Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Astragalus tragacantha Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F6.2 Central Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 F6.1 West Mediterranean phrygana same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F5.2 Central Mediterranean phryganas same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 F5.1 West Mediterranean phryganas same
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