Olea and Ceratonia forests
Thermo-Mediterranean or thermo-Canarian woodland dominated by arborescent Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lentiscus, Myrtus communis or, in the Canary Islands, by Olea europaea ssp. cerasiformis and Pistacia atlantica.
Pal. 45.11 Wild olive woodland:
Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris - dominated formations. A climax olive forest, with Ceratonia siliqua and Pistacia lentiscus exists on the north flank of Djebel Ichkeul in northern Tunisia. Elsewhere, the communities most resembling olive forest are found in southern Andalusia (Tamo communis-Oleetum sylvestris: extinct?), in Menorca (Prasio majoris-Oleetum sylvestris), Sardinia, Sicily, Calabria, Crete.
Pal. 45.12 Carob woodland:
Ceratonia siliqua - dominated formations, often with Olea europaea ssp. sylvestris and Pistacia lentiscus. The most developed examples, some truly forest-like, are to be found in Tunisia, on the slopes of the Djebel, where they constitute carob-dominated facies of the wild olive woodlands (45.11), in Mallorca (Cneoro tricocci-Ceratonietum siliquae), in eastern Sardinia, in southeastern Sicily, in Puglia, in Crete.
Pal. 45.13 Canarian olive woodland:
Olea europaea ssp. cerasiformis and Pistacia atlantica formations of the Canary Islands
|EU Habitats Directive||Annex I habitat type (code 9320)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Macaronesian - Poor|
|Mediterranean - Bad|
|Habitat type||Not priority|
|Natura 2000 sites||382 are designated for this habitat type|
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Species mentioned in habitat description
|Species scientific name||English common name||Species group|
|Ceratonia siliqua||Flowering Plants|
|Myrtus communis||Flowering Plants|
|Pistacia atlantica||Flowering Plants|
|Pistacia lentiscus||Flowering Plants|