Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea)
Subalpine and alpine conifer forests (dominated by Picea abies and Picea orientalis).
Pal. 42.21 Alpine and Carpathian subalpine spruce forests. Piceetum subalpinum.
Picea abies forests of the lower subalpine level, and of anomalous stations in the montane level, of the outer, intermediate and inner Alps; in the latter, they are often in continuity with the montane spruce forests of 42.22. The spruces are often stunted or columnar; they are accompanied by an undergrowth of decidedly subalpine affinities. Picea abies forests of the lower subalpine level of the Carpathians.
Pal. 42.22 Inner range montane spruce forests. Piceetum montanum.
Picea abies forests of the montane level of the inner Alps, characteristic of regions climatically unfavourable to both beech and fir. Analogous Picea abies forests of the montane and collinar levels of the inner basin of the Slovakian Carpathians subjected to a climate of high continentality.
Pal. 42.23 - Hercynian subalpine spruce forests
Subalpine Picea abies forests of high Hercynian ranges .
Pal. 42.25 - Peri-Alpine spruce forests
Spontaneous Picea abies formations occupying outlying altitudinal or edaphic enclaves within the range of more predominant vegetation types of the montane levels of the outer Alps, the Carpathians, the Dinarides, the Jura, the Hercynian ranges, the subalpine levels of the Jura, the western Hercynian ranges and the Dinarides.
|EU Habitats Directive||Annex I habitat type (code 9410)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Alpine - Poor|
|Continental - Poor|
|Mediterranean - Good|
|Habitat type||Not priority|
|Natura 2000 sites||660 are designated for this habitat type|
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Species mentioned in habitat description
Natura 2000 sites
Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites
Protected sitesPlease note the site map takes a while to display.
Mentioned in the following international legal instruments and agreements
Relation to habitat classifications
|Classification||Code||Habitat type name||Relationship type|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G3.1B||Alpine and Carpathian subalpine Picea forests||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G3.1D||Hercynian subalpine Picea forests||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G3.1C||Inner range montane Picea forests||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G3.1||Abies and Picea woodland||narrower|