Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Mediterranean deciduous forests > Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods

Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods

Description (English)

Iberian and North African forests and woods dominated by Quercus faginea, Quercus canariensis or Quercus afares. The humid formations of south-western Iberia (Pal. 41.772 and 41.773) are forest types of unique character in Europe and of extreme biological importance.
Pal. 41.771 Spanish Quercus faginea forests:
Spiraeo obovatae-Quercetum fagineae, Cephalanthero longifoliae-Quercetum fagineae, Violo wilkommii-Quercetum fagineae, Daphno latifoliae-Aceretum granatensis, Fraxino orni-Quercetum fagineae
Xero-mesophile Quercus faginea formations of slopes and plateaux of middle elevations of the Spanish Meseta and associated ranges.
Pal. 41.772 Portuguese Quercus faginea forests:
Arisaro-Quercetum fagineae
Humid, epiphyte-clad, dense, relict Quercus faginea forests of Portugal, restricted to a very few isolated localities.
Pal. 41.773 Andalusian Quercus canariensis forests:
Rusco hypophylli-Quercetum canariensis
Humid and hyper-humid, luxuriant Quercus canariensis forests of the sierras of extreme southern Spain, limited to the Aljibe and a very few localities in the Serrania de Ronda.
Pal. 41.774 Catalonian Quercus canariensis stands:
Carici depressae-Quercetum canariensis
Formations of Catalonia rich in Quercus canariensis.
Pal. 41.775 Balearic Quercus faginea woods:
Aceri-Quercetum fagineae p.
Relict formations of Mallorca dominated by, or rich in, Quercus faginea

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9240)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Poor
Atlantic - Poor
Mediterranean - Poor
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 329 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Quercus canariensis
Flowering Plants Quercus faginea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus canariensis Flowering Plants
Quercus faginea Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000003 Spain Picos de Europa Map
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000015 Spain Sierra y Cañones de Guara Map
ES0000016 Spain Ordesa y Monte Perdido Map
ES0000031 Spain Sierra de Grazalema Map
ES0000035 Spain Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas Map
ES0000049 Spain Los Alcornocales Map
ES0000054 Spain Somiedo Map
ES0000062 Spain Obarenes-Sierra de Cantabria Map
ES0000064 Spain Peñas de Iregua, Leza y Jubera Map
ES0000067 Spain Sierras de Demanda, Urbión, Cebollera y Cameros Map
ES0000090 Spain Sierra Morena Map
ES0000115 Spain Hoces del Río Duratón Map
ES0000124 Spain Sierra de Illón y Foz de Burgui Map
ES0000125 Spain Sierra de Leire y Foz de Arbaiun Map
ES0000130 Spain Sierra de Arrigorrieta y Peña Ezkaurre Map
ES0000137 Spain Los Valles Map
ES0000149 Spain Posets - Maladeta Map
ES0000164 Spain Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES0000165 Spain Valle y salinas del Salado Map
ES0000166 Spain Barranco del Dulce Map
ES0000213 Spain Serres de Mariola i el Carrascar de la Font Roja Map
ES0000244 Spain Gorobel mendilerroa / Sierra Sálvada Map
ES0000266 Spain Sierra de Moratalla Map
ES0000278 Spain Viñamala Map
ES0000279 Spain Alto Cinca Map
ES0000280 Spain Cotiella - Sierra Ferrera Map
ES0000281 Spain El Turbón y Sierra de Sís Map
ES0000282 Spain Salvatierra - Fozes de Fago y Biniés Map
ES0000283 Spain Sierras de Leyre y Orba Map
ES0000284 Spain Sotos y Carrizales del Río Aragón Map
ES0000285 Spain San Juan de La Peña y Peña Oroel Map
ES0000286 Spain Sierra de Canciás - Silves Map
ES0000287 Spain Sierras de Santo Domingo y Caballera y Río Onsella Map
ES0000288 Spain Sierra de Mongay Map
ES0000295 Spain Sierra de Alcubierre Map
ES0000297 Spain Sierra de Moncayo - Los Fayos - Sierra de Armas Map
ES0000300 Spain Río Huerva y Las Planas Map
ES0000303 Spain Desfiladeros del Río Martín Map
ES0000304 Spain Parameras de Campo Visiedo Map
ES0000306 Spain Río Guadalope - Maestrazgo Map
ES0000307 Spain Puertos de Beceite Map
ES0000308 Spain Parameras de Pozondón Map
ES0000309 Spain Montes Universales - Sierra del Tremedal Map
ES0000335 Spain Sierras de Peñalsordo y Capilla Map
ES0000371 Spain Sierra de Moraleja y Piedra Santa Map
ES0000397 Spain Embalse de la Serena Map
ES0000446 Spain Desert de les Palmes (ZEPA) Map
ES0000449 Spain Alto Turia y Sierra del Negrete Map
ES0000465 Spain L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana Map
ES0000466 Spain Penyagolosa (ZEPA) Map
ES0000474 Spain Serres de Mariola i el Carrascal de la Font Roja (ZEPA) Map
ES0000476 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES0000481 Spain Foces de Benasa y Burgui Map
ES0000482 Spain Arbaiun-Leire Map
ES1300001 Spain Liébana Map
ES1300013 Spain Río y Embalse del Ebro Map
ES2110003 Spain Urkabustaizko irla-hariztiak / Robledales isla de Urkabustaiz Map
ES2110004 Spain Arkamu-Gibillo-Arrastaria Map
ES2110005 Spain Omecillo-Tumecillo ibaia / Río Omecillo-Tumecillo Map
ES2110006 Spain Baia ibaia / Río Baia Map
ES2110007 Spain Caicedo Yuso eta Arreoko lakua / Lago de Caicedo Yuso y Arreo Map
ES2110008 Spain Ebro ibaia / Río Ebro Map
ES2110009 Spain Gorbeia Map
ES2110010 Spain Zadorra ibaia / Río Zadorra Map
ES2110011 Spain Zadorraren sistemako urtegiak / Embalses del sistema del Zadorra Map
ES2110012 Spain Ihuda ibaia / Río Ihuda (Ayuda) Map
ES2110013 Spain Arabako lautadako irla-hariztiak / Robledales isla de la llanada alavesa Map
ES2110015 Spain Gasteizko mendi garaiak / Montes altos de Vitoria Map
ES2110016 Spain Aldaiako mendiak / Montes de Aldaia Map
ES2110017 Spain Barrundia ibaia / Río Barrundia Map
ES2110018 Spain Arabako hegoaldeko mendilerroak / Sierras meridionales de Álava Map
ES2110019 Spain Izki Map
ES2110020 Spain Ega-Berron ibaia / Río Ega-Berron Map
ES2110022 Spain Entzia Map
ES2110024 Spain Valderejo-Sobrón-Árcenako mendilerroa / Valderejo-Sobrón-Sierra de Árcena Map
ES2120002 Spain Aizkorri-Aratz Map
ES2200012 Spain Río Salazar Map
ES2200013 Spain Río Areta Map
ES2200021 Spain Urbasa y Andia Map
ES2200022 Spain Sierra de Lokiz Map
ES2200024 Spain Ríos Ega-Urederra Map
ES2200026 Spain Sierra de Ugarra Map
ES2200030 Spain Tramo medio del río Aragón Map
ES2200032 Spain Montes de la Valdorba Map
ES2410001 Spain Los Valles - Sur Map
ES2410003 Spain Los Valles Map
ES2410004 Spain San Juan de La Peña Map
ES2410006 Spain Bujaruelo - Garganta de Los Navarros Map
ES2410009 Spain Congosto de Ventamillo Map
ES2410012 Spain Foz de Biniés Map
ES2410013 Spain Macizo de Cotiella Map
ES2410014 Spain Garcipollera - Selva de Villanúa Map
ES2410021 Spain Curso Alto del Río Aragón Map
ES2410022 Spain Cuevas de Villanúa Map
ES2410024 Spain Telera - Acumuer Map
ES2410025 Spain Sierra y Cañones de Guara Map
ES2410027 Spain Río Aurín Map
ES2410029 Spain Tendeñera Map
ES2410031 Spain Foz Escarrilla - Cucuraza Map
ES2410042 Spain Sierra de Mongay Map
ES2410044 Spain Puerto de Otal - Cotefablo Map
ES2410045 Spain Sobrepuerto Map
ES2410048 Spain Río Ara Map
ES2410049 Spain Río Isábena Map
ES2410050 Spain Cuenca del Río Yesa Map
ES2410051 Spain Cuenca del Río Airés Map
ES2410052 Spain Alto Valle del Cinca Map
ES2410053 Spain Chistau Map
ES2410054 Spain Sierra Ferrera Map
ES2410055 Spain Sierra de Arro Map
ES2410056 Spain Sierra de Chía - Congosto de Seira Map
ES2410057 Spain Sierras de Los Valles, Aísa y Borau Map
ES2410058 Spain Río Veral Map
ES2410059 Spain El Turbón Map
ES2410060 Spain Río Aragón-Canal de Berdún Map
ES2410061 Spain Sierras de San Juan de La Peña y Peña Oroel Map
ES2410064 Spain Sierras de Santo Domingo y Caballera Map
ES2410068 Spain Silves Map
ES2410069 Spain Sierra de Esdolomada y Morrones de Güel Map
ES2410070 Spain Sierra del Castillo de Laguarres Map
ES2410071 Spain Congosto de Olvena Map
ES2410072 Spain Lagunas de Estaña Map
ES2410074 Spain Yesos de Barbastro Map
ES2410076 Spain Sierras de Alcubierre y Sigena Map
ES2420030 Spain Sabinares del Puerto de Escadón Map
ES2420039 Spain Rodeno de Albarracín Map
ES2420111 Spain Montes de La Cuenca de Gallocanta Map
ES2420113 Spain Parque Cultural del Río Martín Map
ES2420118 Spain Río Algars Map
ES2420119 Spain Els Ports de Beseit Map
ES2420120 Spain Sierra de Fonfría Map
ES2420121 Spain Yesos de Barrachina y Cutanda Map
ES2420122 Spain Sabinar de El Villarejo Map
ES2420123 Spain Sierra Palomera Map
ES2420124 Spain Muelas y Estrechos del Río Guadalope Map
ES2420126 Spain Maestrazgo y Sierra de Gúdar Map
ES2420128 Spain Estrechos del Río Mijares Map
ES2420129 Spain Sierra de Javalambre II Map
ES2420134 Spain Sabinar de San Blas Map
ES2420135 Spain Cuenca del Ebrón Map
ES2420136 Spain Sabinares de Saldón y Valdecuenca Map
ES2420138 Spain Valdecabriel - Las Tejeras Map
ES2420140 Spain Estrechos del Guadalaviar Map
ES2420141 Spain Tremedales de Orihuela Map
ES2420142 Spain Sabinar de Monterde de Albarracín Map
ES2420147 Spain Cueva del Húmero Map
ES2430007 Spain Foz de Salvatierra Map
ES2430047 Spain Sierras de Leyre y Orba Map
ES2430063 Spain Río Onsella Map
ES2430066 Spain Río Arba de Biel Map
ES2430098 Spain Cueva Honda Map
ES2430107 Spain Sierras de Pardos y Santa Cruz Map
ES2430110 Spain Alto Huerva - Sierra de Herrera Map
ES3110002 Spain Cuenca del río Lozoya y Sierra Norte Map
ES3110003 Spain Cuenca del río Guadalix Map
ES3110004 Spain Cuenca del río Manzanares Map
ES3110006 Spain Vegas, cuestas y páramos del sureste de Madrid Map
ES4120025 Spain Ojo Guareña Map
ES4120030 Spain Montes Obarenes Map
ES4120049 Spain Bosques del Valle de Mena Map
ES4120051 Spain Riberas del Zadorra Map
ES4120052 Spain Riberas del Ayuda Map
ES4120059 Spain Riberas del Río Ebro y afluentes Map
ES4120066 Spain Riberas del Río Nela y afluentes Map
ES4120073 Spain Riberas del Río Oca y afluentes Map
ES4120075 Spain Riberas del Río Tirón y afluentes Map
ES4120089 Spain Hoces del Alto Ebro y Rudrón Map
ES4120091 Spain Sabinares del Arlanza Map
ES4120092 Spain Sierra de la Demanda Map
ES4120093 Spain Humada-Peña Amaya Map
ES4120094 Spain Sierra de la Tesla-Valdivielso Map
ES4120095 Spain Montes de Miranda de Ebro y Ameyugo Map
ES4130003 Spain Picos de Europa en Castilla y León Map
ES4130035 Spain Valle de San Emiliano Map
ES4130050 Spain Montaña Central de León Map
ES4130145 Spain Lagunas de los Oteros Map
ES4140011 Spain Fuentes Carrionas y Fuente Cobre-Montaña Palentina Map
ES4140026 Spain Las Tuerces Map
ES4140027 Spain Covalagua Map
ES4140053 Spain Montes del Cerrato Map
ES4140129 Spain Montes Torozos y Páramos de Torquemada-Astudillo Map
ES4150096 Spain Arribes del Duero Map
ES4150108 Spain Quilamas Map
ES4150126 Spain Valle del Cuerpo de Hombre Map
ES4160019 Spain Sierra de Ayllón Map
ES4160104 Spain Hoces del Río Riaza Map
ES4160109 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama Map
ES4160111 Spain Valles del Voltoya y el Zorita Map
ES4160122 Spain Sierra de Pradales Map
ES4170029 Spain Sabinares Sierra de Cabrejas Map
ES4170054 Spain Oncala-Valtajeros Map
ES4170055 Spain Cigudosa-San Felices Map
ES4170056 Spain Sabinares de Ciria-Borobia Map
ES4170057 Spain Sabinares del Jalón Map
ES4170083 Spain Riberas del Río Duero y afluentes Map
ES4170116 Spain Sierras de Urbión y Cebollera Map
ES4170119 Spain Sierra del Moncayo Map
ES4170120 Spain Páramo de Layna Map
ES4170135 Spain Cañón del Río Lobos Map
ES4170138 Spain Quejigares y encinares de Sierra del Madero Map
ES4170139 Spain Quejigares de Gómara-Nájima Map
ES4170140 Spain Robledales del Berrún Map
ES4170141 Spain Pinar de Losana Map
ES4170142 Spain Encinares de Tiermes Map
ES4170143 Spain Encinares de Sierra del Costanazo Map
ES4170148 Spain Altos de Barahona Map
ES4180081 Spain Riberas del Río Adaja y afluentes Map
ES4190061 Spain Quejigares de la Tierra del Vino Map
ES4210008 Spain Sierra de Alcaraz y Segura y cañones del Segura y del Mundo Map
ES4210017 Spain Lagunas de Ruidera Map
ES4220003 Spain Ríos de la cuenca media del Guadiana y laderas vertientes Map
ES4220013 Spain Sierra de Los Canalizos Map
ES4220015 Spain Sierras de Almadén - Chillón - Guadalmez Map
ES4220017 Spain Alcornocal de Zumajo Map
ES4220019 Spain Bonales de la comarca de Los Montes del Guadiana Map
ES4230002 Spain Sierras de Talayuelas y Aliaguilla Map
ES4230005 Spain Sabinares de Campillos - Sierra y Valdemorillo de la Sierra Map
ES4230013 Spain Hoces del Cabriel, Guadazaón y ojos de Moya Map
ES4230014 Spain Serranía de Cuenca Map
ES4230016 Spain Río Júcar sobre Alarcón Map
ES4240003 Spain Riberas del Henares Map
ES4240007 Spain Sierra de Pela Map
ES4240009 Spain Valle del río Cañamares Map
ES4240012 Spain Rebollar de Navalpotro Map
ES4240013 Spain Cueva de La Canaleja Map
ES4240014 Spain Quejigares de Barriopedro y Brihuega Map
ES4240015 Spain Valle del Tajuña en Torrecuadrada Map
ES4240016 Spain Alto Tajo Map
ES4240017 Spain Parameras de Maranchón, hoz del Mesa y Aragoncillo Map
ES4240018 Spain Sierra de Altomira Map
ES4240020 Spain Montes de Picaza Map
ES4240022 Spain Sabinares rastreros de Alustante - Tordesilos Map
ES4240023 Spain Lagunas y parameras del Señorío de Molina Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
ES4250009 Spain Yesares del valle del Tajo Map
ES4310008 Spain Estena Map
ES4310009 Spain Puerto Peña - los Golondrinos Map
ES4310023 Spain Río Guadalemar Map
ES4310040 Spain Sierra de Moraleja Map
ES4310042 Spain Sierra de Siruela Map
ES4310043 Spain Sierra de Villares - Balbueno Map
ES4310060 Spain Corredores de Siruela Map
ES4320039 Spain Sierra de las Villuercas y Valle del Guadarranque Map
ES4320070 Spain Río Guadalupejo Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
ES5110010 Spain Sant Llorenç del Munt i l'Obac Map
ES5110011 Spain Serres del Litoral Septentrional Map
ES5110012 Spain Montserrat-Roques Blanques-riu Llobregat Map
ES5110013 Spain Serres del Litoral central Map
ES5110015 Spain Sistema Prelitoral Central Map
ES5110019 Spain Carbassí Map
ES5110021 Spain Riera de la Goda Map
ES5110022 Spain Capçaleres del Foix Map
ES5110023 Spain Riera de Clariana Map
ES5120001 Spain Alta Garrotxa - Massís de les Salines Map
ES5120017 Spain Estany de Sils-Ribera de Santa Coloma Map
ES5130003 Spain Alt Pallars Map
ES5130008 Spain Serra d'Aubenç i Roc de Cogul Map
ES5130010 Spain Serra de Boumort-Collegats Map
ES5130012 Spain Vall Alta de Serradell-Serra de Sant Gervàs Map
ES5130014 Spain Aiguabarreig Segre-Noguera Pallaresa Map
ES5130015 Spain Serres del Montsec, Sant Mamet i Mitjana Map
ES5130016 Spain Valls del Sió-Llobregós Map
ES5130021 Spain Secans de la Noguera Map
ES5130027 Spain Obagues de la riera de Madrona Map
ES5130028 Spain Ribera Salada Map
ES5130030 Spain Estanys de Basturs Map
ES5130032 Spain Vessants de la Noguera Ribagorçana Map
ES5140003 Spain Ribera de l'Algars Map
ES5140008 Spain Muntanyes de Prades Map
ES5140017 Spain Serra de Montsant-Pas de l'Ase Map
ES5140021 Spain Obagues del riu Corb Map
ES5221002 Spain Desert de les Palmes Map
ES5223002 Spain L'Alt Maestrat Map
ES5223004 Spain Penyagolosa Map
ES5223005 Spain Alt Palància Map
ES5223029 Spain Riu Bergantes Map
ES5223055 Spain Serra d'en Galceràn Map
ES5232006 Spain Alto Túria Map
ES5233001 Spain Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana Map
ES5233006 Spain Puebla de San Miguel Map
ES5233009 Spain Sierra del Negrete Map
ES5233011 Spain Sierras de Martés y el Ave Map
ES5233035 Spain Arroyo Cerezo Map
ES5310027 Spain Cimals de la Serra Map
ES6110008 Spain Sierras de Gádor y Enix Map
ES6120013 Spain Sierra Líjar Map
ES6120021 Spain Río Guadalete Map
ES6130002 Spain Sierras Subbéticas Map
ES6130005 Spain Suroeste de La Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES6130006 Spain Guadalmellato Map
ES6130007 Spain Guadiato-Bembézar Map
ES6130009 Spain Ríos Cuzna y Gato Map
ES6140001 Spain Sierra de Baza Map
ES6140003 Spain Sierra de Huétor Map
ES6140004 Spain Sierra Nevada Map
ES6140005 Spain Sierra de La Sagra Map
ES6140008 Spain Sierra de Loja Map
ES6150021 Spain Corredor Ecológico del Río Tinto Map
ES6160005 Spain Despeñaperros Map
ES6160007 Spain Sierra Mágina Map
ES6160008 Spain Cuencas del Rumblar, Guadalén y Guadalmena Map
ES6160009 Spain Estribaciones de Sierra Mágina Map
ES6160013 Spain Río Guadalquivir Tramo Superior Map
ES6170007 Spain Sierras de Tejeda, Almijara y Alhama Map
ES6170010 Spain Sierras Bermeja y Real Map
ES6170012 Spain Sierra de Camarolos Map
ES6170016 Spain Valle del Río del Genal Map
ES6170031 Spain Río Guadiaro Map
ES6200016 Spain Revolcadores Map
ES6200017 Spain Sierra de Villafuerte Map
PTCON0005 Portugal Paul de Arzila Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
PTCON0010 Portugal Arrábida / Espichel Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTCON0015 Portugal Serras d'Aire e Candeeiros Map
PTCON0029 Portugal Cabeção Map
PTCON0033 Portugal Cabrela Map
PTCON0036 Portugal Guadiana Map
PTCON0045 Portugal Sicó / Alvaiázere Map
PTCON0048 Portugal Serra de Montejunto Map
PTCON0049 Portugal Barrocal Map
PTCON0053 Portugal Moura / Barrancos Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0038 Portugal Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0050 Portugal Cabo Espichel Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100