Moesian silver lime woods

Description (English)

Tilia tomentosa dominated facies of mixed deciduous forests of Southern Central Europe and the northern and middle part of the Balkan Peninsula, mostly within the range of Quercion frainetto, but also locally developed in conjunction with eastern Carpinion betuli forests, in particular Tilia tomentosa woods of the Carpinus betulus - Quercus petraea belt of Bulgaria.
Located mainly on the northern slopes of the foothills in connection with acidic soils and high soil moisture, they usually form monodominant communities with an impressive aroma when flowering.
In the spring rich undergrowth is formed by Coridalis cava, Coridalis solida, Scilla bifolia, Erytronium dens-canis, Ficaria verna. Carex sylvatica is a common species in the summer.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91Z0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Good
Black Sea - Good
Continental - Good
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 73 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Ficaria verna
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Scilla bifolia
Flowering Plants Tilia tomentosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Ficaria verna Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Scilla bifolia Flowering Plants
Tilia tomentosa Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BG0000102 Bulgaria Dolinata na reka Batova Map
BG0000103 Bulgaria Galata Map
BG0000104 Bulgaria Provadiysko - Royaksko plato Map
BG0000106 Bulgaria Harsovska reka Map
BG0000107 Bulgaria Suha reka Map
BG0000118 Bulgaria Zlatni pyasatsi Map
BG0000133 Bulgaria Kamchiyska i Emenska planina Map
BG0000164 Bulgaria Sinite kamani Map
BG0000166 Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan Map
BG0000168 Bulgaria Ludogorie Map
BG0000169 Bulgaria Ludogorie - Srebarna Map
BG0000171 Bulgaria Ludogorie - Boblata Map
BG0000173 Bulgaria Ostrovche Map
BG0000178 Bulgaria Ticha Map
BG0000180 Bulgaria Boblata Map
BG0000181 Bulgaria Reka Vit Map
BG0000212 Bulgaria Sakar Map
BG0000213 Bulgaria Tarnovski visochini Map
BG0000214 Bulgaria Dryanovski manastir Map
BG0000216 Bulgaria Emen Map
BG0000219 Bulgaria Derventski vazvishenia 2 Map
BG0000230 Bulgaria Fakiyska reka Map
BG0000231 Bulgaria Belenska gora Map
BG0000232 Bulgaria Batin Map
BG0000240 Bulgaria Studenets Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
BG0000247 Bulgaria Nikopolsko plato Map
BG0000263 Bulgaria Skalsko Map
BG0000275 Bulgaria Yazovir Stamboliyski Map
BG0000282 Bulgaria Dryanovska reka Map
BG0000304 Bulgaria Golak Map
BG0000340 Bulgaria Tsar Petrovo Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
BG0000374 Bulgaria Bebresh Map
BG0000393 Bulgaria Ekokoridor Kamchia - Emine Map
BG0000396 Bulgaria Persina Map
BG0000399 Bulgaria Bulgarka Map
BG0000402 Bulgaria Bakadzhitsite Map
BG0000421 Bulgaria Preslavska planina Map
BG0000432 Bulgaria Golyama reka Map
BG0000494 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan Map
BG0000498 Bulgaria Vidbol Map
BG0000500 Bulgaria Voynitsa Map
BG0000503 Bulgaria Reka Lom Map
BG0000507 Bulgaria Deleyna Map
BG0000513 Bulgaria Voynishki Bakadzhik Map
BG0000521 Bulgaria Makresh Map
BG0000522 Bulgaria Vidinski park Map
BG0000523 Bulgaria Shishentsi Map
BG0000530 Bulgaria Pozharevo - Garvan Map
BG0000572 Bulgaria Rositsa - Loznitsa Map
BG0000576 Bulgaria Svishtovska gora Map
BG0000601 Bulgaria Kalenska peshtera Map
BG0000608 Bulgaria Lomovete Map
BG0000609 Bulgaria Reka Rositsa Map
BG0000610 Bulgaria Reka Yantra Map
BG0000613 Bulgaria Reka Iskar Map
BG0000614 Bulgaria Reka Ogosta Map
BG0000615 Bulgaria Devetashko plato Map
BG0000616 Bulgaria Mikre Map
BG0000628 Bulgaria Chirpanski vazvishenia Map
BG0001001 Bulgaria Ropotamo Map
BG0001007 Bulgaria Strandzha Map
BG0001014 Bulgaria Karlukovo Map
BG0001030 Bulgaria Rodopi - Zapadni Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
BG0001033 Bulgaria Brestovitsa Map
BG0001039 Bulgaria Popintsi Map
BG0001040 Bulgaria Zapadna Stara planina i Predbalkan Map
BG0001042 Bulgaria Iskarski prolom - Rzhana Map
BG0001386 Bulgaria Yadenitsa Map
BG0001389 Bulgaria Sredna gora Map
BG0001493 Bulgaria Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100